11th Infantry

Third Lieutenant Lucius Weaver Gash

Company K, 11th Regiment N.C. Troops

Lucius Weaver Gash and his parents were prosperous farmers of the Swannanoa area ofBuncombe County. He enlisted at Asheville on May 17, 1861, in the company raised by former U.S. Congressman Zebulon Baird Vance, known as the “Rough and Ready Guards,” subsequently Company F, 14th Regiment N.C. Troops (4th Regiment N.C. Volunteers) Lucius (born October 16, 1844) was sixteen years and seven months old at the time.

Lucius’s service was short. He was hospitalized at Suffolk, Virginia, in June 1861 and discharged from service on the following September 16. The reason was not specified, but was probably because he was underage.

Lucius enlisted again (for a term of three years) on April 20, 1862, in another Buncombe County command, Company K, 11th Regiment N.C. Troops. He was promoted to corporal in November 1862. The 11th North Carolina sustained the third highest casualties of any Confederate regiment at the Battle of Gettysburg, behind only the 26th North Carolina and 55th North Carolina, respectively. The killed and mortally wounded in action amounted to 113 men, and the number of wounded exceeded two hundred. One of the latter was Lucius, who was wounded in the foot on July 1. Despite that wound, he was able to accompany the Army of Northern Virginia in its retreat and was reported sick in a Lynchburg, Virginia, hospital in August.

Lucius returned to duty by year’s end and was promoted to fourth sergeant. In early 1864 he was promoted to third lieutenant.

The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, May 12-21, 1864, was not the bloodbath for the 11th North Carolina that it was for so many Tar Heel regiments. Casualties totaled twenty-four men. Four of the men were mortally wounded, however, and one them was Lucius. He was shot on May 12 and died at Spotsylvania Court House on May 14.

Image: Mrs. Evelyn Williamson, grandniece.

Source Note:
1860 U. S. Census, Buncombe County, North Carolina, population schedule, page 45, dwelling 234, family 234, Burditt S. Gash household; Manarin et. al., North Carolina Troops 5:96, 447; Mast, “North Carolina Casualties”; Mast, State Troops and Volunteers, 1:277; Pearl M. Weaver, The Tribe of Jacob: The Descendants of the Reverend Jacob Weaver, 1786-1868 (Weaverville: [n.s.], 1962), 77; service record files of Lucius W. Gash, 11th and 14th Regiments N.C. Troops, Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers from the State of North Carolina (M270), RG109, NA.